Working with Māori  - Te Toka Tumoana

Working with mokopuna and whānau Māori is a priority for Child, Youth and Family progressed through Te Toka Tumoana - a distinctive rock or rocky reef formation protruding out of the ocean, that stands like a sentinel of guidance, protection and safety and is used as a navigational reference point to enter safe harbour. Within our work context these rocks represent the principles / values of the framework that guides practitioners, managers and leaders through all work with mokopuna and whānau Māori.

In this context, Te Toka Tumoana is the name of our Indigenous & Bicultural Principled Framework built on the integrity and distinctness of Māori beliefs and practices to advance mokopuna ora, within the context of the statutory social work role.

Indigenous practice refers to how we strengthen tangata whenua (Māori) working with Māori - what practices do Māori practitioners use when working with Māori?

Bi-cultural practice refers to Tauiwi (non-Māori) working with Māori - what practices do non-Māori practitioners use when working with Māori?

Te Toka Tumoana Framework

Te Toka Tumoana framework

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Read Te Ao Kohatu  The national and international literature review on indigenous social work theoretical and practice frameworks for mokopuna and whānau well-being within statutory social work.

Three overarching principles

Tiaki mokopuna - the roles, responsibilities and obligations to make safe, care for, support, develop and protect our children and young people within healthy families and whānau, from all forms of abuse (Eruera, King & Ruwhiu, 2006 unpublished). Therefore, mokopuna Māori protective factors are embedded within Māori social structures and practices.

Mana ahua ake o te mokopuna - the potentiality and absolute uniqueness (inherent and developed) of Māori children and young people (Barlow, 1991; Pere, 1988). This principle underpins child-centred practice for mokopuna Māori.

Te Ahureitanga - the distinctiveness of being Māori, reclaiming that Māori worldviews and practices are valid, legitimate, self-determining and diverse. (Ruwhiu, 2013; Ruwhiu, P, 2009; Paniora, 2008; Mead, 2003). Therefore, solutions must be founded on a Māori worldview of wellbeing that is transformed to be locally relevant, sustainable and self-determining.

Eight guiding principles for wellbeing

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Tikanga principle explained
Te Reo Maori explained
Whakamanawa explained
Wairuatanga explained
Kaitiakitanga explained
Whakapapa explained
Manaakitanga explained
Rangatiratanga explained






Updated 25 November 2016